- Diabetes is a disease caused by a deficiency of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
- About 16 million American have diabetes but only about 10 million have been diagnosed.
- Diabetes has been called an epidemic by the CDC. It estimates that the number of people with diabetes will more than triple in 30 years.
- Diabetes and its complications occurs in Americans of all ages and racial and ethnic groups. Elderly people are more commonly affected.
- Diabetes patients risk debilitating complications, such as blindness, kidney and heart disease and lower extremity amputations.
- About 1,700 new cases are diagnosed every day in the United States.
- There is no cure for diabetes.
Type 1: Previously called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile onset diabetes. It accounts for 5 percent to 10 percent of all cases.
Type 2: Previously called noninsulin dependent diabetes, type 2 accounts for about 90 percent to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases.
Risk factors include older age, a family history of diabetes, obesity and impaired glucose tolerance.
Treatment is aimed at keeping blood glucose near normal levels at all times. Training in self-management is integral.
It must be individualized and must address medical, psychological and lifestyle issues.
Treatment for type 2 includes diet control, exercise, blood glucose testing and, in some cases, oral medication and or insulin.
Millions of Americans go undiagnosed. Early detection is crucial.
- Frequent urination.
- Excessive thirst.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Extreme hunger.
- Sudden vision change.
- Tingling or numbness in hands or feet.
- Feeling tired much of the time.
- Very dry skin.
- Sores that are slow to heal.
- More infections than usual.
- All people older than 45.
- People who are obese.
- Those who have family member with diabetes.
- Members of high risk groups. (African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians)
- Those who have delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
- People who are hypersensitive.
©1999 CBS Worldwide Inc. All Rights Reserved