"The final report of the U.N.-appointed Oil-for-Food inquiry is scathing in its criticism of corruption, large-scale smuggling and grievous lack of oversight by member states and administrative staff," said CBS News Foreign Affairs Analyst Pamela Falk from the U.N.
"The preface of the report released today does not point a finger at Secretary General Kofi Annan for corruption," Falk reports, "but it is critical of his administrative failings and says that Saddam Hussein was able to turn the Oil-for-Food program to his advantage."
The Independent Inquiry Committee's report, to be published Wednesday, criticizes Annan and the U.N. Security Council for a failure of leadership in the overall management of the program, according to the preface, released Tuesday on the committee's Web site.
"Neither the Security Council nor the Secretariat leadership was clearly in command," the preface said. "When things went awry — and they surely did — when troublesome conflicts arose between political objectives and administrative effectiveness, decisions were delayed, bungled or simply shunned."
The preface called for four central reforms, including the creation of a chief operating officer. The U.N. General Assembly should demand that the changes go into force no later than a year from now, the preface said.
"To settle for less, to permit delay and dilution, will invite failure, further erode public support, and dishonor the ideals upon which the United Nations is built," the preface said.
The conclusion of the committee, led by former U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker, said Saddam Hussein used the largest, most ambitious humanitarian operation ever run by the United Nations to his advantage.