Dramatic lava flows were also captured in 2016, when lava from a volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island crept down miles of mountainside for the first time in three years. The lava dripped into the Pacific Ocean, creating new land and putting on a crackling, hissing, fire-spitting show.
Photos show how the billowy, bright-orange lava pops and sizzles, and reeks of sulfur and scorched earth, as it oozes across rugged terrain and eventually off a steep seaside cliff. When the hot rocks hit the water, they expel plumes of steam and gas - and sometimes explode, hurling chunks of searing debris.
In this August 9, 2016 photo, lava from Kilauea, an active volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island, flows into the ocean as seen from a boat operated by Lava Ocean Tours off the coast of Volcanoes National Park near Kalapana, Hawaii.